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广东省人民政府首页  >  要闻动态  >  广东要闻

“新常态”是个什么姿态?

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年09月18日 13:10:47
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龙虎和返点高的平台是那个平台直属招商客服QQ/微信【570824522】最高返水100反9快,【在线开户网址um698.com】龙虎和龙虎1赔2.211合1赔9.95,定位胆1赔9.95腾讯5,10分欢乐生肖,,最高赔率,正规信誉大平台平台24h提供注册及登录。“新常态”是个什么姿态?

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(  2015两)(会)(系)(列)(策)(划)(——“新)(常)(态)(”是)(个)(什)(么)(姿)(态)(?
  “新)(常)(态)(”是)(个)(什)(么)(姿)(态)(?
  当)(曾)(经)(以)(8%以)(上)(速)(度)(高)(速)(增)(长)(的)(中)(国)(经)(济)(遭)(遇)(“三)(期)(叠)(加)(”,会)(发)(生)(什)(么)(?当)(人)(口)(红)(利)(逐)(渐)(衰)(竭)(,中)(国)(经)(济)(该)(怎)(么)(“换)(挡)(”?当)(被)(誉)(为)(“世)(界)(工)(厂)(”的)(中)(国)(被)(“造)(不)(好)(一)(个)(马)(桶)(盖)(”所)(困)(扰)(,中)(国)(经)(济)(该)(如)(何)(转)(型)(?
  要)(解)(答)(这)(些)(问)(题)(,你)(首)(先)(得)(先)(明)(白)(什)(么)(“新)(常)(态)(”。
  “新)(常)(态)(”一)(词)(源)(于)(中)(国)(最)(高)(领)(导)(人)(习)(近)(平)(。习)(近)(平)(第)(一)(次)(提)(及)(“新)(常)(态)(”是)(在)(2014年)(5月)(考)(察)(河)(南)(的)(行)(程)(中)(。当)(时)(,他)(说)(:“我)(国)(发)(展)(仍)(处)(于)(重)(要)(战)(略)(机)(遇)(期)(,我)(们)(要)(增)(强)(信)(心)(,从)(当)(前)(我)(国)(经)(济)(发)(展)(的)(阶)(段)(性)(特)(征)(出)(发)(,适)(应)(新)(常)(态)(,保)(持)(战)(略)(上)(的)(平)(常)(心)(态)(。”
  在)(2014年)(11月)(9日)(的)(亚)(太)(经)(合)(组)(织)((APEC)工)(商)(领)(导)(人)(峰)(会)(上)(习)(近)(平)(首)(次)(系)(统)(阐)(述)(了)(“新)(常)(态)(”。他)(表)(示)(:“新)(常)(态)(将)(给)(中)(国)(带)(来)(新)(的)(发)(展)(机)(遇)(。”
  习)(近)(平)(说)(:“中)(国)(经)(济)(呈)(现)(出)(新)(常)(态)(。”他)(认)(为)(有)(几)(个)(主)(要)(特)(点)(:速)(度)(——“从)(高)(速)(增)(长)(转)(为)(中)(高)(速)(增)(长)(”,结)(构)(——“经)(济)(结)(构)(不)(断)(优)(化)(升)(级)(”,动)(力)(——“从)(要)(素)(驱)(动)(、投)(资)(驱)(动)(转)(向)(创)(新)(驱)(动)(”。
  这)(分)(别)(对)(应)(回)(答)(了)(文)(前)(那)(三)(个)(问)(题)(:中)(国)(经)(济)(怎)(么)(了)(?中)(国)(经)(济)(怎)(么)(办)(?中)(国)(经)(济)(的)(未)(来)(在)(哪)(里)(?
  “大)(体)(量)(的)(小)(步)(快)(跑)(”
  得)(益)(于)(改)(革)(开)(放)(,中)(国)(国)(内)(生)(产)(总)(值)(从)(1978年)(的)(3645亿)(元)(,增)(长)(到)(2014年)(中)(国)(国)(内)(生)(产)(总)(值)(636463亿)(元)(,增)(长)(了)(173倍)(。中)(国)(经)(济)(体)(量)(已)(经)(位)(列)(世)(界)(第)(二)(。2014年)(,中)(国)(GDP增)(幅)(7.4%,低)(于)(以)(往)(的)(8%以)(上)(增)(幅)(。
  那)(么)(,中)(国)(经)(济)(是)(不)(是)(失)(去)(了)(增)(长)(动)(力)(了)(呢)(?
  答)(案)(是)(否)(定)(的)(。
  正)(如)(习)(近)(平)(在)(会)(上)(指)(出)(的)(,经)(济)(增)(速)(虽)(然)(放)(缓)(,实)(际)(增)(量)(依)(然)(可)(观)(。他)(说)(,即)(使)(是)(7%左)(右)(的)(增)(长)(,无)(论)(是)(速)(度)(还)(是)(体)(量)(,在)(全)(球)(也)(是)(名)(列)(前)(茅)(的)(。
  对)(此)(,著)(名)(经)(济)(学)(家)(厉)(以)(宁)(深)(表)(赞)(同)(。他)(在)(2014年)(11月)(28日)(的)(2014搜)(狐)(财)(经)(变)(革)(力)(峰)(会)(上)(认)(为)(:“目)(前)(不)(要)(担)(心)(经)(济)(下)(行)(,不)(要)(认)(为)(这)(是)(了)(不)(起)(的)(事)(情)(,这)(是)(从)(超)(高)(速)(转)(到)(中)(高)(速)(增)(长)(的)(过)(程)(。7%的)(增)(长)(有)(什)(么)(关)(系)(呢)(?在)(全)(世)(界)(仍)(然)(是)(领)(先)(的)(,就)(是)(过)(几)(年)(是)(6%点)(几)(的)(增)(幅)(,在)(全)(世)(界)(也)(是)(走)(在)(前)(列)(的)(。关)(键)(是)(结)(构)(调)(整)(好)(了)(比)(什)(么)(都)(重)(要)(,高)(新)(技)(术)(的)(发)(展)(比)(什)(么)(都)(重)(要)(,人)(才)(的)(培)(养)(比)(什)(么)(都)(重)(要)(。要)(保)(持)(一)(个)(常)(态)(的)(经)(济)(增)(长)(,在)(中)(国)(目)(前)(的)(情)(况)(下)(,7%、6%点)(几)(都)(是)(常)(态)(。”
  毕)(竟)(,中)(国)(已)(经)(是)(世)(界)(第)(二)(的)(经)(济)(体)(,不)(可)(能)(再)(像)(以)(往)(体)(量)(小)(的)(时)(候)(,那)(样)(狂)(奔)(。
  何)(况)(,中)(国)(经)(济)(还)(遭)(遇)(了)(“三)(期)(叠)(加)(”。这)(个)(概)(念)(最)(早)(源)(于)(新)(华)(社)(一)(篇)(关)(于)(十)(八)(大)(以)(来)(习)(近)(平)(关)(于)(经)(济)(工)(作)(的)(重)(要)(论)(述)(的)(文)(章)(,这)(篇)(文)(章)(中)(提)(及)(以)(习)(近)(平)(为)(总)(书)(记)(的)(党)(中)(央)(对)(经)(济)(形)(势)(做)(出)(了)(经)(济)(增)(长)(速)(度)(换)(挡)(期)(、结)(构)(调)(整)(阵)(痛)(期)(、前)(期)(刺)(激)(政)(策)(消)(化)(期)(三)(期)(叠)(加)(的)(重)(要)(判)(断)(。
  所)(谓)(“增)(长)(速)(度)(换)(挡)(期)(”,就)(是)(我)(国)(经)(济)(已)(处)(于)(从)(高)(速)(换)(挡)(到)(中)(高)(速)(的)(发)(展)(时)(期)(;所)(谓)(“结)(构)(调)(整)(阵)(痛)(期)(”,就)(是)(说)(结)(构)(调)(整)(刻)(不)(容)(缓)(,不)(调)(就)(不)(能)(实)(现)(进)(一)(步)(的)(发)(展)(;所)(谓)(“前)(期)(刺)(激)(政)(策)(消)(化)(期)(”,主)(要)(是)(指)(在)(国)(际)(金)(融)(危)(机)(爆)(发)(初)(期)(,中)(国)(实)(施)(了)(一)(揽)(子)(经)(济)(刺)(激)(计)(划)(,现)(在)(这)(些)(政)(策)(还)(处)(于)(消)(化)(期)(。基)(于)(上)(述)(判)(断)(,文)(章)(进)(一)(步)(提)(出)(经)(济)(增)(长)(的)(合)(理)(区)(间)(就)(是)(既)(不)(冲)(出)(“上)(限)(”,又)(不)(滑)(出)(“下)(限)(”。“上)(限)(”就)(是)(防)(止)(通)(货)(膨)(胀)(,“下)(限)(”就)(是)(稳)(增)(长)(、保)(就)(业)(。
  其)(中)(,对)(中)(国)(经)(济)(短)(期)(影)(响)(最)(大)(的)(就)(是)(“前)(期)(刺)(激)(政)(策)(消)(化)(期)(”。
  2014搜)(狐)(财)(经)(变)(革)(力)(峰)(会)(上)(,与)(厉)(以)(宁)(并)(称)(“学)(界)(二)(老)(”的)(吴)(敬)(琏)(,在)(厉)(以)(宁)(的)(基)(础)(上)(用)(数)(字)(对)(当)(前)(中)(国)(经)(济)(的)(“新)(常)(态)(”做)(了)(形)(象)(解)(释)(。他)(说)(道)(:“2009年)(的)(强)(刺)(激)(,4万)(亿)(投)(资)(、10万)(亿)(的)(配)(套)(贷)(款)(,使)(得)(中)(国)(的)(经)(济)(增)(长)(速)(度)(从)(一)(个)(中)(速)(拉)(高)(到)(10%、11%的)(高)(速)(,只)(维)(持)(了)(三)(个)(季)(度)(。从)(2009年)(的)(第)(二)(季)(度)(达)(到)(了)(高)(峰)(。但)(第)(三)(季)(度)(就)(开)(始)(下)(降)(,连)(续)(14个)(季)(度)(下)(降)(到)(今)(年)(的)(第)(三)(季)(度)(的)(7.3%。往)(前)(看)(,今)(年)(的)(第)(四)(季)(度)(和)(明)(年)(,看)(来)(还)(会)(进)(一)(步)(的)(小)(步)(下)(降)(。这)(说)(明)(,中)(国)(经)(济)(下)(降)(的)(趋)(势)(是)(十)(分)(明)(显)(的)(,而)(且)(这)(些)(下)(降)(的)(趋)(势)(是)(由)(客)(观)(的)(一)(些)(因)(素)(决)(定)(的)(,不)(以)(人)(们)(的)(愿)(望)(为)(转)(移)(。”
  他)(认)(为)(:“所)(以)(应)(该)(冷)(静)(的)(去)(看)(待)(,而)(不)(要)(增)(速)(一)(下)(降)(,就)(急)(急)(忙)(忙)(的)(采)(用)(强)(刺)(激)(的)(政)(策)(去)(把)(GDP的)(增)(速)(拉)(伸)(到)(期)(望)(数)(值)(。应)(尽)(一)(切)(努)(力)(来)(确)(立)(一)(个)(所)(希)(望)(见)(到)(的)(新)(常)(态)(,而)(这)(种)(新)(常)(态)(,是)(要)(速)(度)(是)(中)(速)(的)(,但)(效)(率)(应)(该)(是)(比)(过)(去)(高)(的)(。”
  不)(再)(搞)(强)(刺)(激)(,而)(是)(在)(增)(速)(降)(下)(来)(时)(,让)(增)(长)(质)(量)(更)(高)(。
  事)(实)(上)(,国)(家)(统)(计)(局)(局)(长)(马)(建)(堂)(公)(布)(:2014年)(经)(济)(增)(长)(7.4%,城)(镇)(新)(增)(就)(业)(1322万)(,调)(查)(失)(业)(率)(稳)(定)(在)(5.1%左)(右)(,居)(民)(消)(费)(价)(格)(上)(涨)(2%,这)(四)(个)(指)(标)(配)(合)(在)(一)(起)(,说)(明)(中)(国)(经)(济)(继)(续)(运)(行)(在)(合)(理)(的)(区)(间)(,增)(长)(平)(稳)(。
  “傻)(大)(黑)(粗)(”变)(“高)(大)(上)(”
  改)(革)(开)(放)(伊)(始)(的)(中)(国)(经)(济)(增)(长)(是)(种)(“帕)(累)(托)(改)(进)(”,解)(开)(计)(划)(经)(济)(的)(枷)(锁)(,释)(放)(市)(场)(经)(济)(活)(力)(,带)(来)(了)(澎)(湃)(的)(增)(长)(。根)(据)(民)(生)(证)(券)(的)(研)(究)(,到)(了)(本)(世)(纪)(,经)(济)(增)(长)(来)(源)(于)(主)(要)(来)(自)(两)(大)(红)(利)(的)(驱)(动)(。从)(供)(给)(端)(看)(,内)(部)(的)(人)(口)(红)(利)(带)(来)(了)(丰)(富)(的)(廉)(价)(劳)(动)(力)(,推)(升)(了)(储)(蓄)(率)(和)(潜)(在)(经)(济)(增)(速)(。从)(需)(求)(端)(看)(,外)(部)(的)(全)(球)(化)(红)(利)(带)(来)(了)(外)(需)(的)(爆)(炸)(式)(增)(长)(和)(外)(资)(的)(大)(规)(模)(涌)(入)(,奠)(定)(了)(外)(向)(型)(增)(长)(模)(式)(的)(基)(础)(。
  一)(推)(一)(拉)(,中)(国)(经)(济)(就)(“走)(起)(”了)(。但)(现)(在)(,这)(“推)(拉)(”不)(管)(用)(了)(,因)(为)(没)(了)(。
  内)(外)(两)(大)(红)(利)(正)(在)(加)(速)(衰)(退)(,甚)(至)(变)(为)(拖)(累)(。从)(2011年)(开)(始)(,中)(国)(的)(人)(口)(结)(构)(已)(经)(迎)(来)(拐)(点)(,劳)(动)(力)(人)(口)(比)(例)(开)(始)(下)(降)(,老)(龄)(人)(口)(占)(比)(加)(速)(上)(升)(。未)(来)(十)(年)(,计)(划)(生)(育)(对)(人)(口)(结)(构)(的)(冲)(击)(将)(加)(速)(显)(现)(,老)(龄)(化)(趋)(势)(将)(愈)(发)(明)(显)(,储)(蓄)(率)(和)(潜)(在)(增)(速)(将)(同)(步)(下)(滑)(。在)(外)(需)(方)(面)(,资)(本)(退)(潮)(也)(已)(拉)(开)(序)(幕)(。2014年)(QE逐)(步)(退)(出)(,2015年)(美)(联)(储)(加)(息)(,全)(球)(流)(动)(性)(拐)(点)(到)(来)(。伴)(随)(着)(欧)(美)(经)(济)(的)(“逆)(差)(纠)(正)(式)(”复)(苏)(,全)(球)(资)(本)(将)(加)(速)(回)(流)(中)(心)(国)(家)(。
  那)(么)(,中)(国)(经)(济)(该)(怎)(么)(办)(呢)(?
  习)(近)(平)(说)(,以)(目)(前)(确)(定)(的)(战)(略)(和)(所)(拥)(有)(的)(政)(策)(储)(备)(,我)(们)(有)(信)(心)(、有)(能)(力)(应)(对)(各)(种)(可)(能)(出)(现)(的)(风)(险)(。我)(们)(正)(在)(协)(同)(推)(进)(新)(型)(工)(业)(化)(、信)(息)(化)(、城)(镇)(化)(、农)(业)(现)(代)(化)(,这)(有)(利)(于)(化)(解)(各)(种)(“成)(长)(的)(烦)(恼)(”。中)(国)(经)(济)(更)(多)(依)(赖)(国)(内)(消)(费)(需)(求)(拉)(动)(,避)(免)(依)(赖)(出)(口)(的)(外)(部)(风)(险)(。
  这)(就)(是)(“经)(济)(结)(构)(优)(化)(”。
  这)(体)(现)(在)(两)(方)(面)(:从)(产)(业)(机)(构)(看)(,去)(年)(服)(务)(业)(比)(重)(继)(续)(提)(升)(,这)(意)(味)(着)(中)(国)(经)(济)(由)(工)(业)(主)(导)(向)(服)(务)(业)(主)(导)(加)(快)(转)(变)(,2014年)(第)(三)(产)(业)(增)(加)(值)(增)(长)(8.1%,快)(于)(第)(一)(、第)(二)(产)(业)(的)(增)(速)(,服)(务)(业)(比)(重)(也)(提)(高)(到)(48.2%。从)(动)(力)(结)(构)(看)(,2014年)(传)(统)(行)(业)(、重)(化)(工)(业)(、大)(宗)(原)(材)(料)(行)(业)(确)(实)(遇)(到)(不)(少)(困)(难)(,但)(是)(以)(移)(动)(互)(联)(网)(为)(主)(要)(内)(容)(的)(新)(产)(业)(、新)(技)(术)(、新)(业)(态)(、新)(模)(式)(、新)(产)(品)(不)(断)(涌)(现)(,中)(国)(经)(济)(向)(中)(高)(端)(迈)(进)(的)(势)(头)(明)(显)(:工)(业)(中)(的)(高)(技)(术)(产)(业)(和)(装)(备)(制)(造)(业)(增)(速)(快)(于)(规)(模)(以)(上)(工)(业)(增)(速)(,比)(重)(也)(在)(提)(高)(;互)(联)(网)(和)(电)(子)(商)(务)(有)(关)(的)(新)(兴)(业)(态)(快)(速)(发)(展)(,2014年)(全)(国)(网)(上)(零)(售)(额)(同)(比)(增)(长)(49.7%,快)(递)(业)(务)(量)(增)(长)(51.9%。P2P,即)(网)(贷)(高)(速)(增)(长)(,电)(信)(消)(费)(、信)(息)(消)(费)(都)(有)(比)(较)(高)(的)(增)(长)(。
  这)(是)(中)(国)(经)(济)(从)(以)(往)(人)(们)(印)(象)(的)(“傻)(大)(黑)(粗)(”,变)(成)(“高)(大)(上)(”。告)(别)(重)(污)(染)(、高)(投)(入)(、高)(投)(资)(、低)(效)(率)(的)(落)(后)(产)(业)(,发)(展)(高)(科)(技)(、低)(污)(染)(、有)(前)(景)(的)(朝)(阳)(产)(业)(。
  那)(么)(问)(题)(又)(来)(了)(:都)(搞)(高)(科)(技)(了)(,还)(需)(要)(那)(么)(多)(劳)(动)(力)(吗)(?
  当)(然)(需)(要)(啊)(。因)(为)(企)(业)(更)(多)(了)(。
  “改)(革)(红)(利)(”中)(包)(括)(政)(府)(的)(大)(力)(简)(政)(放)(权)(,市)(场)(活)(力)(进)(一)(步)(释)(放)(。习)(近)(平)(举)(例)(说)(,由)(于)(改)(革)(了)(企)(业)(登)(记)(制)(度)(,前)(3个)(季)(度)((2014年)()新)(增)(企)(业)(数)(量)(较)(去)(年)(增)(长)(60%以)(上)(。
  厉)(以)(宁)(也)(建)(议)(,中)(国)(现)(在)(做)(的)(是)(从)(政)(策)(上)(考)(虑)(鼓)(励)(民)(营)(企)(业)(发)(展)(,鼓)(励)(小)(微)(企)(业)(发)(展)(,帮)(它)(们)(解)(决)(各)(方)(面)(的)(困)(难)(,让)(它)(们)(能)(够)(创)(业)(,扩)(大)(就)(业)(。现)(在)(小)(微)(企)(业)(创)(业)(本)(身)(就)(解)(决)(了)(就)(业)(问)(题)(
  这)(就)(是)(以)(改)(革)(释)(放)(经)(济)(增)(长)(的)(“新)(红)(利)(”。
  “高)(科)(技)(马)(桶)(盖)(”与)(新)(常)(态)(有)(什)(么)(关)(系)(?
  在)(春)(节)(前)(夕)(,财)(经)(作)(家)(吴)(晓)(波)(的)(一)(篇)(《去)(日)(本)(买)(只)(马)(桶)(盖)(》传)(遍)(社)(交)(媒)(体)(。“中)(国)(造)(不)(出)(一)(个)(高)(科)(技)(的)(马)(桶)(盖)(”成)(为)(很)(多)(人)(对)(中)(国)(制)(造)(业)(乃)(至)(中)(国)(经)(济)(的)(担)(忧)(。有)(评)(论)(认)(为)(——以)(往)(中)(国)(经)(济)(靠)(廉)(价)(取)(胜)(,经)(济)(靠)(房)(地)(长)(拉)(动)(,以)(至)(于)(马)(桶)(盖)(都)(造)(不)(出)(。吴)(晓)(波)(认)(为)(这)(是)(——“中)(国)(制)(造)(”所)(推)(行)(的)(、用)(“市)(场)(换)(技)(术)(”的)(后)(发)(战)(略)(已)(经)(失)(效)(了)(。
  果)(真)(如)(此)(吗)(?
  搜)(狐)(财)(经)(评)(论)(员)(马)(克)(指)(出)(——如)(果)(吴)(晓)(波)(能)(够)(到)(淘)(宝)(上)(搜)(一)(下)(,就)(会)(发)(现)(大)(量)(的)(高)(科)(技)(马)(桶)(盖)(在)(售)(,无)(论)(是)(国)(产)(还)(是)(外)(国)(产)(的)(,无)(论)(什)(么)(价)(格)(和)(性)(能)(的)(都)(能)(找)(到)(,这)(种)(高)(科)(技)(马)(桶)(盖)(并)(不)(是)(什)(么)(稀)(罕)(事)(物)(。在)(他)(看)(来)(,中)(国)(人)(赴)(日)(扫)(货)(的)(原)(因)(只)(有)(一)(个)(:日)(元)(大)(幅)(贬)(值)(。一)(个)(在)(日)(本)(卖)(2000元)(人)(民)(币)(左)(右)(的)(马)(桶)(盖)(,在)(中)(国)(卖)(3000甚)(至)(五)(六)(千)(以)(上)(。
  那)(么)(,既)(然)(中)(国)(也)(能)(生)(产)(这)(产)(品)(,为)(什)(么)(一)(直)(价)(格)(高)(昂)(没)(法)(普)(及)(呢)(?除)(了)(汇)(率)(原)(因)(外)(,还)(有)(什)(么)(原)(因)(?
  其)(实)(,让)(我)(们)(回)(头)(看)(看)(中)(国)(经)(济)(的)(发)(展)(历)(程)(:上)(世)(纪)(80年)(代)(初)(,即)(使)(是)(上)(海)(,今)(日)(司)(空)(见)(惯)(的)(抽)(水)(马)(桶)(在)(当)(时)(都)(难)(觅)(踪)(影)(。因)(为)(看)(似)(简)(单)(的)(抽)(水)(马)(桶)(,桶)(身)(陶)(瓷)(需)(要)(在)(1200摄)(氏)(度)(以)(上)(烧)(制)(的)(高)(温)(瓷)(才)(符)(合)(要)(求)(。这)(不)(仅)(要)(求)(使)(用)(高)(能)(量)(的)(燃)(料)(,也)(要)(有)(与)(之)(配)(套)(的)(专)(门)(窑)(炉)(及)(控)(制)(设)(备)(。此)(前)(,由)(于)(注)(浆)(技)(术)(、炉)(温)(技)(术)(的)(不)(足)(,中)(国)(只)(能)(烧)(制)(不)(可)(靠)(的)(中)(低)(温)(瓷)(。有)(了)(马)(桶)(还)(不)(行)(,还)(必)(须)(有)(配)(套)(的)(供)(水)(排)(水)(管)(网)(,所)(以)(在)(当)(时)(,抽)(水)(马)(桶)(是)(县)(处)(级)(以)(上)(干)(部)(的)(家)(属)(楼)(、外)(事)(部)(门)(的)(厕)(所)(才)(能)(用)(上)(的)(。
  此)(前)(,中)(国)(逐)(步)(克)(服)(了)(一)(些)(技)(术)(难)(题)(,但)(还)(是)(没)(法)(烧)(制)(出)(良)(品)(率)(高)(、可)(靠)(的)(高)(温)(瓷)(。转)(折)(来)(自)(改)(革)(开)(放)(,中)(国)(的)(卫)(生)(陶)(瓷)(工)(业)(在)(80年)(代)(开)(始)(了)(为)(期)(十)(年)(的)(大)(规)(模)(引)(进)(浪)(潮)(。从)(现)(代)(化)(窑)(炉)(到)(各)(类)(注)(浆)(机)(、干)(燥)(器)(、机)(器)(人)(甚)(至)(全)(套)(生)(产)(线)(,中)(国)(均)(大)(量)(引)(进)(,改)(造)(国)(内)(多)(数)(落)(后)(的)(生)(产)(线)(,并)(在)(广)(东)(、唐)(山)(等)(地)(建)(起)(更)(多)(新)(生)(产)(线)(。与)(此)(同)(时)(,国)(内)(陶)(瓷)(生)(产)(装)(备)(也)(在)(80年)(代)(研)(制)(成)(功)(,一)(大)(批)(卫)(生)(陶)(瓷)(加)(工)(设)(备)(,尤)(其)(是)(微)(压)(组)(合)(注)(浆)(工)(艺)(的)(实)(现)(与)(推)(广)(将)(单)(位)(产)(量)(提)(升)(了)(最)(多)(3倍)(。这)(一)(系)(列)(技)(术)(的)(全)(面)(进)(步)(,使)(得)(中)(国)(只)(用)(了)(6年)(就)(使)(产)(量)(突)(破)(了)(1000万)(件)(,并)(在)(1993年)(取)(得)(建)(筑)(陶)(瓷)(砖)(和)(卫)(生)(陶)(瓷)(产)(量)(世)(界)(第)(一)(。现)(在)(家)(家)(户)(户)(都)(用)(上)(了)(抽)(水)(马)(桶)(。
  那)(么)(,问)(题)(又)(来)(了)(。这)(跟)(“新)(常)(态)(”有)(什)(么)(关)(系)(?
  当)(然)(关)(系)(重)(大)(。因)(为)(创)(新)(必)(须)(先)(有)(技)(术)(积)(累)(和)(门)(类)(齐)(全)(的)(工)(业)(、服)(务)(业)(,否)(则)(就)(是)(空)(谈)(。通)(过)(引)(进)(—消)(化)(—自)(主)(研)(发)(,中)(国)(在)(短)(短)(三)(十)(年)(间)(建)(立)(了)(完)(善)(的)(工)(业)(体)(系)(,马)(桶)(从)(少)(到)(多)(就)(说)(明)(中)(国)(经)(济)(的)(确)(有)(消)(化)(、创)(造)(的)(能)(力)(,现)(在)(需)(要)(的)(就)(是)(释)(放)(创)(新)(动)(力)(,让)(企)(业)(有)(动)(力)(、有)(能)(力)(造)(出)(高)(科)(技)(马)(桶)(、马)(桶)(盖)(时)(,还)(能)(企)(业)(有)(动)(力)(去)(普)(及)(产)(品)(,让)(产)(品)(从)(高)(高)(在)(上)(普)(及)(寻)(常)(百)(姓)(家)(。
  这)(是)(个)(巨)(大)(的)(市)(场)(,正)(是)(大)(有)(可)(为)(的)(地)(方)(。
  “新)(常)(态)(”应)(有)(“新)(姿)(势)(”
  新)(常)(态)(的)(一)(个)(重)(要)(特)(征)(就)(是)(经)(济)(增)(长)(从)(要)(素)(驱)(动)(、投)(资)(驱)(动)(转)(向)(创)(新)(驱)(动)(。一)(言)(以)(蔽)(之)(就)(是)(——“新)(常)(态)(经)(济)(是)(创)(新)(驱)(动)(型)(的)(经)(济)(,必)(须)(将)(提)(升)(科)(技)(创)(新)(能)(力)(和)(应)(用)(转)(化)(能)(力)(放)(在)(促)(进)(形)(成)(新)(常)(态)(经)(济)(的)(核)(心)(位)(置)(”。
  早)(在)(2013年)(7月)(,习)(近)(平)(分)(别)(在)(两)(院)(院)(士)(大)(会)(、2014年)(国)(际)(工)(程)(科)(技)(大)(会)(、上)(海)(汽)(车)(集)(团)(技)(术)(中)(心)(、联)(合)(国)(教)(科)(文)(组)(织)(总)(部)(等)(重)(大)(场)(合)(公)(开)(提)(出)(重)(视)(创)(新)(驱)(动)(发)(展)(战)(略)(,并)(要)(求)(加)(快)(实)(施)(创)(新)(。科)(技)(创)(新)(逐)(渐)(成)(为)(国)(家)(发)(展)(战)(略)(和)(新)(常)(态)(的)(重)(要)(环)(节)(。
  习)(近)(平)(提)(出)(四)(大)(意)(见)(,即)(赶)(超)(核)(心)(技)(术)(、强)(化)(激)(励)(聚)(人)(、改)(革)(体)(制)(机)(制)(、扩)(大)(开)(放)(合)(作)(,体)(现)(出)(让)(市)(场)(发)(挥)(决)(定)(性)(作)(用)(,要)(求)(科)(技)(创)(新)(关)(键)(在)(于)(“实)(用)(”,“对)(而)(无)(用)(”的)(科)(研)(浪)(费)(人)(才)(、资)(源)(,损)(害)(经)(济)(效)(益)(。未)(来)(,科)(研)(考)(核)(分)(类)(化)(,技)(术)(方)(向)(实)(践)(化)(、院)(所)(去)(行)(政)(化)(、人)(才)(薪)(酬)(市)(场)(化)(、科)(技)(运)(营)(项)(目)(化)(等)(科)(技)(创)(新)(扶)(植)(政)(策)(将)(会)(出)(台)(。
  在)(新)(常)(态)(下)(,普)(及)(“实)(用)(”的)(“科)(技)(创)(新)(”就)(会)(成)(为)(中)(国)(经)(济)(的)(一)(个)(新)(亮)(点)(,这)(就)(包)(括)(各)(种)(解)(决)(老)(百)(姓)(日)(常)(生)(活)(问)(题)(的)(科)(技)(产)(品)(,可)(别)(小)(看)(这)(些)(似)(乎)(不)(起)(眼)(的)(小)(玩)(意)(,即)(使)(是)(如)(马)(桶)(般)(不)(登)(大)(雅)(之)(堂)(的)(,可)(也)(是)(从)(石)(油)(、机)(械)(、工)(程)(控)(制)(到)(销)(售)(等)(等)(产)(业)(配)(合)(的)(。
  如)(果)(说)(,以)(往)(中)(国)(经)(济)(解)(决)(了)(“有)(无)(”的)(问)(题)(,现)(在)(就)(是)(面)(临)(“做)(强)(做)(细)(做)(深)(”的)(考)(验)(,能)(否)(迈)(出)(这)(临)(门)(一)(脚)(,带)(来)(产)(业)(和)(经)(济)(的)(创)(新)(跨)(越)(,就)(是)(新)(常)(态)(的)(使)(命)(,也)(是)(新)(常)(态)(的)(姿)(态)(。
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